Implementing sustainable technologies supports the endevour of ensuring food security.
By 2050, the world’s population will reach 9.1 billion, 35 per cent higher than today. More of such population increase will occur in developing countries. Urbanization will continue at an accelerated pace, and about 70 per cent of the world’s population will be urban compared to the 49 per cent of today.
To feed this larger, more urban and richer population, food production must increase by 70 per cent. Annual cereal production will need to rise to about 3 billion tonnes from 2.1 billion today and annual meat production will need to rise by over 200 million tonnes to reach 470 million tonnes.
The required increase in food production can be achieved if the necessary investment is undertaken and conducive policies for agricultural production are put in place. But, increasing production is not just sufficient to achieve food security. It must be complemented by policies to enhance access by fighting poverty, especially in rural areas, as well as effective safety net programmes.
Recognizing the fact, the Ethiopian government has been successfully completed the first part of the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP I), and it is implementing the second plan at progressive level.