The railway line, built at a cost of $4bn (£3bn) and stretching for about 750km (460 miles), will give landlocked Ethiopia easier access to the port in Djibouti city.
In an interview with Associated Press news agency, Ethiopian Railway Corporation spokesman Dereje Tefera said:
“This railway line will greatly reduce the travel time between the two countries and will contribute to the development of Ethiopia’s hinterland.”
“It is an electrified system and environmentally friendly. This is what makes it different from other railway projects in Africa.”